If you have never seen the unusual monkey face orchid, you are in for a real treat. Whenever I show these to people at work, they think that the orchid photos are photoshopped. There are over 20, orchid species in the world and many of them are quite amazing.
Orchids produce the most interesting rare and exotic flowers, in all different colours, shapes, smells, and variegations. They also have a number of interesting tricks regarding fertilisation. Here is my top ten list of known orchids that look like animals. Found on the sides of the high mountains in southeastern Ecuador and Peru at an elevation of 1, - 2, meters, the monkey face orchid is a popular but rare favourite among orchid collectors, because it has a distinctive monkey or baboon face in its flower.
Different flowers provide different expressions of the monkey face, from thoughtful to happy to sad. Often this orchid is called the monkey orchid, though this is technically incorrect, even though they are flowers that look like monkeys. There are quite a few dracula orchids that look like monkey faces, but simia and gigas are better known. Of the species in the dracula family, most of which are found in Ecuador, many are not seasonal blooms and can flower at any time throughout the year.
Monkeyface orchids require cool temperatures and partial shade. They also need attention if grown in captivity. The scent of the blossomed flowers is said to be like ripe oranges and it is rare to find monkey face orchids grown successfully out of the wild. Another orchid flower that looks like a monkey is orchis simia.
Orchis simia was first discovered in France in and can be found from southern England down to northern Africa and as far east as Iran. The monkey orchid is perennial and flowers from May until June each year. Another version of the monkey orchid is the orchis italicawhich is a Mediterranean native similar to orchis simia. Not only does it look a bit like a fly, but it depends on flies, bees, and wasps for pollination, using a scent to attract male insects.
Sometimes the scent reminds the insects of food and other times it reminds them of female insects. As they land on the flower, the male insect attempts to mate with it and then is disappointed by the lack of nectar and procreation, so it loses interest and flies to another flower, unwittingly pollinating it.Did you know that certain species of Orchid can survive up to years?
And that Orchids have the largest variety of flowers with the number of officially documented species standing at an amazing 25, plus? With so much variety, it should be no surprise that there are some amazing facts about Orchids that are not widely known.
Except for areas with extreme hot or cold weather, Orchids practically grow everywhere in the world and scientist are discovering more new species as days go by. Here are 15 amazing facts about this special flower, which you will definitely find very fascinating The size of orchids depends on the species.
They can be tiny as a penny or extremely large, weighing couple of hundred pounds. Grammatophyllum are medium-sized to very large orchids, including the giant orchid Grammatophyllum speciosumbelieved to be the largest orchid species in existence. Itspseudobulbscan grow to a length of 2. Orchid Plants can develop into gigantic clusters weighing from several hundred kilograms to one ton. Each orchid flower is bilateral symmetric, which means that it can be divided in two equal parts.
Size, shape and texture of leaves depend on the habitat. Orchids that live in dry climate have thick leaves covered with wax, while species that live in warm and humid areas have thin, elongated leaves. Certain species of orchids do not have leaves at all. Orchids do not have usual roots. They have rhizome, tuber or aerial roots.
Orchids can live on the ground terrestrial formsattached to woody plants epiphytic types or under the ground. Certain species of orchids are parasitic. They are not able to produce food sugar using the sunlight and carbon dioxide like other plants.
What Is Special About Orchids?
Instead, they obtain food from fungi that live inside their roots. Bond between orchids and certain species of insects is tight and highly specialized. Petals have similar shape and color like female insects to attract males and ensure pollination. When a male bee approaches the flower to mate, it becomes covered in pollen and is sent off to pollinate the next orchid it visits.
Due to high specialization of pollination, extinction of insect means extinction of orchid there is no one else who can pollinate it in the wild. Flower of orchid can survive from few hours to 6 months, depending on the species. Orchids produce several millions of miniature seeds.Alvin Goodley February 18, Nature. Orchids are some of the most widely cultivated and collected flowers in the world. They are unique, beautiful, and vibrant flowers that draw a lot of attention.
Unfortunately, all of this attention has been bad for orchids. Many species have been over harvested for trade and are sold on the black market for large sums. This has absolutely devastated the wild population of many orchid species around the world, including almost all of the rare orchids on this list. To make matters worse, the natural habitats of orchids are threatened by deforestation and other human activities.
For now, this is one of the only things saving this rare orchid from extinction. The Western Underground Orchid is extremely rare and one of the most unique flowers in the world. Like its name suggests, the Western Underground Orchid spends its entire life underground. This rare orchid even blooms below the dirt. The Western Underground Orchid has no green parts, such as stems and leaves, and does not photosynthesize. Instead, the Western Underground Orchid gets all of its nutrients from a fungi that grows on the roots of the broom bush.
It is estimated that there are currently fewer than 50 Western Underground Orchids. Getting an exact count on the population size can be difficult because it often takes hours careful digging to find just one Western Underground Orchid.
The Vietnamese Paphiopedilum may already be extinct in the wild, but is still widely grown by orchid collectors around the world. Like most orchids, both the rare ones on this list and species with stronger numbers, the Vietnamese Paphiopedilum is over harvested in the wild.
People exploit the Vietnamese Paphiopedilum for horticultural purposes and international trade. The last update about the remaining plants was in and there may be fewer than 50 Vietnamese Paphiopedilum remaining. The Hawaiian Bog Orchid is the rarest orchid species native to Hawaii.
During the last count inthere were only 33 Hawaiian Bog Orchids found in the wild across three islands in Hawaii. The biggest threat to the Hawaiian Bog Orchid has been habitat destruction by humans and domestic and feral animals.
This rare Hawaiian orchid is also threatened by invasive non-native species of plants. Although the Hawaiian Bog Orchid has become increasingly rare in the wild, there are currently ongoing conservation efforts. In recent years, conservationists have been growing Hawaiian Bog Orchid seedlings and re-planting them in the wild. Conservationists hope that the seedlings can survive long term and stabilize the Hawaiian Bog Orchid population.
The Zeuxine rolfiana was only rediscover in the wild after only being known from records from over years ago. While finding the actual plants is significant, unfortunately researchers only found about 18 sterile Zeuxine rolfiana. With so few individuals left and no signs that the remaining plants will reproduce, the Zeuxine rolfiana is the rarest orchid in the world.
The team of researchers from did collect three specimens of Zeuxine rolfiana and brought them back to the Botanical Garden of St. The orchids did end up flowering at the gardens, but died not long after.Ophrys Apifera Bee Orchid - genuine terrestrial orchid seeds. Ophrys apifera, known in Europe as the bee orchid, is a perennial herbaceous plant of the family Orchidaceae. It is remarkable as an example of sexually-deceptive pollination and floral mimicry as well as of a highly-selective and highly evolved plant-pollinator relationship.
Other names include May bells, Our Lady's tears, and Mary's tears. Its French name, muguet, sometimes appears in the names of perfumes imitating the flower's scent.
In pre-modern England, the plant was known as glovewort as it was a wort used to create a salve for sore handsor Apollinaris according to a legend that it was discovered by Apollo. Butterfly orchid, common name of several orchid species, especially those of the genera Psychopsis and Platanthera. Some are cultivated as ornamentals for their showy flowers.
The genus Psychopsis consists of about five species of epiphytic orchids native to South and Central America. Psychopsis, abbreviated Psychp. It was formerly included in the massively paraphyletic "wastebin genus" Oncidium. Dove orchids are epiphytes, growing on the moss of the tree trunks in the cloud rainforests of Central America. The flowers of these orchids are so beautiful that they have become over picked and this has led to a situation where the species has become endangered and close to extinction.
Peristeria is a genus of plants of the family Orchidaceae commonly called dove orchid or Holy Ghost orchid. In line with the common name, the genus' name is from the Greek word peristerion meaning "from dove". According to the Royal Horticultural Society, Per is the official orchid abbreviation for this genus. Baby In The Cradle Orchid. Anguloa uniflora orchid is one of the largest orchids at nearly 60cm in height. The name refers to the appearance of a tiny baby swathed in blankets in the interior of the flower.
The petals are waxy, cream colored and cinnamon scented. The monkey faced orchid along with all tropical orchids is an epiphyte so, like an air plant, it depends on other plants for support. It is known from Thailand, Burma and parts of India.
The plant is erect and branches profusely and grows compactly to a height of about half a meter. Like other Impatiens species it has thick stems, the leaves have a serrate margin. The flower is light purple and carmine red. The lateral sepals are orbicular and light green. The lower sepal is bulbous and narrows into a hooked spur tipped in carmine. The dorsal petal is orbicular and hooded while the lateral united petals are long.
The Orchidaceae are a diverse and widespread family of flowering plants, with blooms that are often colorful and fragrant, commonly known as the orchid family.Home Characteristics Guidelines for Planting References.
Most orchids are grown for their beautiful flowers, but the seedpods of the Vanilla orchid provide the popular flavoring. Most of the orchids commonly found for sale are hybrids that have been created specifically for their flowers and ease of care in homes and offices. For centuries, people all over the world have fallen in love with their flowers. Many have a relationship with a single type of insect or bird that can pollinate their flowers.
Orchids can be found in the equatorial tropics, the arctic tundra, and everywhere in between. Unlike most plants, they do not grow in soil, but high above ground in their natural environment. Their roots attach to trees or rocks where they capture moisture and nutrients that wash over them in the rainforest. Most cultivated orchids are native to the tropics. Because these tropical orchids usually grow high in the trees, rather than on the forest floor, they are accustomed to good air circulation and plenty of light.
They prefer a hour day, all year-round, and require a high intensity of light.
Orchids are usually grouped into two broad categories that characterize their growth habits monopodial and sympodial. Monopodial orchids have a single, upright stem, with and opposite leaf arraignment. The flower stem appears from the base of the uppermost leaves. Examples of orchids with this growth habit include the phalaenopsis and vandas.
The more common and well known growth habit is sympodial. These orchids grow horizontally, sending out new shoots from the old rhizome. They things called pseudobulbs, which are swollen shoots that store water and nutrients to help the plant survive long droughts. Sympodial orchids include cattleya, cymbidium, oncidium and dendrobium.Orchids are one of the largest genera of flowering plants, with about 30, species worldwide. Orchids vary widely in their appearance.
Many have stunningly beautiful flowers with stripes and spots, while others are almost ugly with hairs and even warty bumps. What do all these striking flowers have in common? In describing a plant genus so vast and so diverse, it is almost safe to say that there are no rules.
However, botanists generally agree that one feature above all others defines the orchid and differentiates it from virtually all other flowering plants: the fusion of the male portion of the flower stamen and female portion pistil into one structure called the column—often visible protruding from the center.
C lick on the image to view it larger. Sepal —one of the three outer parts of an orchid flower that protects the petals Pollini a—a solid mass of pollen found in the anther Column —the fused sexual organ of an orchid flower Petal —the three petals on an orchid are the true flower; one is modified into a lip Lip or Labellum —a specialized petal, unique to orchids Ovary —the part of the flower that develops into the fruit Ovule —a small protuberance in the ovary, capable of forming a seed when fertilized Stigma —the sticky area of the pistil that receives the pollen.
Jessica, I visited the Orchid Show this spring with friends from the Millbrook Garden Club, and I am writing a small article for our newsletter due by the 27th! My tape recorder malfunctioned, and my naming of the flowers is thus lost. I would be so very grateful.
I could send the photos via email of course. Also, is there any written account of the exhibition put out by NYBG?
I was unable to enlarge my photos of the narrative boards that were part of the show. I only need something pretty abbreviated, but I did not buy the catalogue—if there was one?
Thank you. Lorraine Alexander. Jessica, This is the first article I have found that points out individual orchids parts with their names. I have been looking everywhere. I appreciate the effort and the great info : I will be posting a link to your site on mine Thanks again, Terri A. Check out some info on orchid type.
Sepal —one of the three outer parts of an orchid flower that protects the petals Pollini a—a solid mass of pollen found in the anther Column —the fused sexual organ of an orchid flower Petal —the three petals on an orchid are the true flower; one is modified into a lip Lip or Labellum —a specialized petal, unique to orchids Ovary —the part of the flower that develops into the fruit Ovule —a small protuberance in the ovary, capable of forming a seed when fertilized Stigma —the sticky area of the pistil that receives the pollen Get Your Tickets Share this: Email Tweet.
Comments Lorraine Alexander said:. Terri Andrews said:. Terri Andrews - Caring for Orchids said:.Skip to main content. See more choices.
15 Amazing Facts About Orchids
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